Table 1.

Distance and carbon savings of telemedicine studies

StudyStudy regionAverage distance saving (km/consultation)Carbon footprint (kg CO2e/consultation)
Beswick et al (2014)California, USA1,387372
Connor A et al (2011)Warwickshire, UK39.38.05
Connor MJ et al (2019)London, UK15.02.93 (car)
0.70 (underground train)
Dorrian et al (2009)Scotland, UK698123 (air)
Dullet et al (2017)California, USA447102
Holmner et al (2014)Västerbotten, Sweden34687.4 (Leduc LCA model)
176 (Lenzen LCA model)
Masino et al (2010)Ontario, Canada901220
Miah et al (2019)London, UK18.23.55 (car)
0.86 (underground train)
Oliveira et al (2013)Alentejo, Portugal11122.0
Paquette et al (2019)Michigan, USA50.211.2
Robinson et al (2017)Texas, USA1,061271
Vidal-Alaball et al (2019)Catalonia, Spain21.33.25
Whetten et al (2019)New Mexico, USA381306 (air)
Wootton et al (2010)Scotland, UK12626.9
  • LCA = life cycle assessment.