Table 1.

Classification of liver diseases in pregnancy

Pregnancy-relatedPregnancy-unrelated
Hyperemesis gravidarum
Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy
HELLP syndrome
Acute fatty liver of pregnancy
Pre-existing liver disease
Cirrhosis and portal hypertension
Hepatitis B, C and E
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease
Wilson's disease
Autoimmune liver disease
Co-incident with pregnancy
Viral hepatitis
Biliary disease (eg cholelithiasis and primary sclerosing cholangitis)
Vascular alterations (Budd–Chiari syndrome)
Drug-induced hepatotoxicity
Liver transplantation
  • HELLP = haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets.