Table 1.

Functions, processes and remedies of torts and the Accident Compensation Corporation

TortsAccident Compensation Corporation
Jurisdictional focusSubstandard healthcare causing harm to patientInjuries (including medical injuries)
Cases handledNegligence claimsClaims from the public submitted by injured people or their health providers
Compensation standardNegligenceNo fault
AdjudicatorJurisdiction specific; judge or juryAdministrator
ProcessJudicial (but alternative dispute resolution is possible)Administrative (but appeal to the courts is possible)
ExpertsHired by litigantsInternal to system
Role of lawyersIntegralOptional
RemediesMonetary damages/compensationCompensation, rehabilitation and prevention / patient safety