Table 1.

Factors involved in improving outcomes and reducing costs

Patient factorsHealthcare factors
Raise health literacyFinancing for value, optimum allocation and prioritisation of resources, and incentivising best practices
Support healthy behaviours towards prevention and optimisation of quality of lifeDecrease unwarranted variation of low-value care
Support shared understanding of medicine towards the best choicesOptimum positioning of drugs and devices
Supported self managementTailoring treatment to the individual's goals and context including preferred place of care
New models of care, digital health and releasing capacity in the system
Focus on meeting true unmet need and reducing inequities