Table 1.

Clinical indicator conditions for adult HIV infection.

AIDS-defining conditionsOther conditions in which HIV testing should be offered
RespiratoryTuberculosis pneumocystisBacterial pneumonia aspergillosis
NeurologyCerebral toxoplasmosis Primary cerebral lymphoma Cryptococcal meningitis Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathyAseptic meningitis or encephalitis Cerebral abscess Space occupying lesion of unknown cause Guillain–Barré syndrome Transverse myelitis Peripheral neuropathy Dementia Leucoencephalopathy
DermatologyKaposi's sarcomaSevere or recalcitrant seborrhoeic dermatitis Severe or recalcitrant psoriasis Multidermatomal or recurrent herpes zoster
GastroenterologyPersistent cryptosporidiosisOral candidiasis Oral hairy leukoplakia Chronic diarrhoea of unknown cause Weight loss of unknown cause Salmonella, Shigella or Campylobacter enteritis Hepatitis B infection Hepatitis C infection
OncologyNon-Hodgkin lymphomaAnal cancer or anal intraepithelial dysplasia Lung cancer Seminoma Head and neck cancer Hodgkin lymphoma Castleman’s disease
GynaecologyCervical cancerVaginal intraepithelial neoplasia Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (grade II or above)
HaematologyAny unexplained blood dyscrasia including thrombocytopenia, neutropenia and lymphopenia
OphthalmologyCytomegalovirus retinitisInfective retinal diseases including herpes viruses and toxoplasma Any unexplained retinopathy
Ear, nose and throatLymphadenopathy of unknown cause Chronic parotitis Lymphoepithelial parotid cysts
OtherMononucleosis-like syndrome (primary HIV infection) Pyrexia of unknown origin Any lymphadenopathy of unknown cause Any sexually transmitted infection