Table 1.

Baseline characteristics and outcomes of atients who reconsulted healthcare services compared to those who did not

 Healthcare reconsultationNo healthcare reconsultationOR (95%CI)p-value
(n=71)(n=37)
Baseline demographics
Age
18–35 years15 (21.1)10 (27.0)Reference0.437
36–50 years27 (38.0)5 (13.5)3.6 (0.97–13.30)
51–65 years29 (40.9)22 (59.5)0.88 (0.33–2.34)
Male28 (39.4)24 (64.9)0.35 (0.15–0.83)0.013
Smoking status
Never27 (38.0)13 (35.1)Reference0.748
Ex21 (29.6)9 (24.3)1.12 (0.40–3.15)
Current23 (32.4)13 (35.1)0.85 (0.33–2.22)
Baseline Performance Statusa
032 (45.1)24 (64.9)Reference0.149
134 (47.9)9 (24.3)2.83 (1.11–7.22)
2–44 (5.6)3 (8.1)1.00 (0.20–4.96)
In employmentb49 (83.1)22 (68.8)2.23 (0.79–6.24)0.118
Comorbid conditions
Charlson comorbidity indexa0 (0–1)1 (0–1)0.94 (0.64–1.38)0.368
Chronic respiratory disease15 (21.1)9 (24.3)0.83 (0.32–2.15)0.706
Diabetes11 (15.5)4 (10.8)1.51 (0.44–5.17)0.506
Ischaemic heart disease2 (2.8)4 (10.8)0.24 (0.04–1.42)0.178
Congestive heart failure1 (1.4)0 (0.0)n/a-
Chronic renal disease3 (4.2)2 (5.4)0.75 (0.12–4.75)1.000
Liver disease1 (1.4)0 (0.0)n/a-
Cerebrovascular disease0 (0.0)1 (2.7)n/a-
Active malignancy4 (5.6)4 (10.8)0.49 (0.11–2.12)0.442
Severity of disease
Low severity (CURB65≤1)63 (88.7)33 (89.2)Reference0.915
Moderate severity (CURB65=2)7 (9.9)3 (8.1)1.22 (0.29–5.08)
High severity (CURB65≥3)1 (1.4)1 (2.7)0.52 (0.03–8.80)
Patient symptoms at admission
CAP symptom scorec30.2 (18.3–53.3)34.0 (18.9–45.6)0.99 (0.96–1.02)0.607
Radiographic findings
Multilobar pneumonia23 (32.4)10 (27.0)1.17 (0.48–2.88)0.725
In-hospital outcomes
Complication due to CAP2 (2.8)2 (5.4)0.46 (0.06–3.49)0.593
ICU admission6 (8.5)4 (10.8)0.79 (0.21–3.00)0.737
Length of stay5 (3–8)5 (3–8)1.01 (0.96–1.07)0.623
  • Data as n (%) unless otherwise specified. aMedian (Interquartile range). bData available for 91 patients. cComplete data available for 45 patients. ICU = intensive care unit; OR = odds ratio