Table 1.

Key themes of social sustainabilitya

Basic needs, including housing and environmental healthDemographic change (ageing, migration and mobility)
Education and skillsSocial mixing and cohesion
EmploymentIdentity, sense of place and culture
EquityEmpowerment, participation and access
Human rights and genderHealth and safety
PovertySocial capitalb
Social justiceWell being, happiness and quality of life
  • aSource: Colantonio A, Dixon T. Measuring socially sustainable urban regeneration in Europe. Oxford Institute for Sustainable Development, School of the Built Environment, Oxford Brookes University (2009)14 (reproduced with permission)

  • bSocial capital is defined by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as ’networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation within or among groups’